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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a term that allows a computer or machine to think and act like a human.

Thanks to artificial intelligence technology, machines; just like humans, it can perform behaviors such as understanding, learning, recognizing objects, solving problems, responding, making decisions, and so on. Not only with these behaviors, artificial intelligence can also master the skills of driving a car and working like a worker.

Artificial intelligence has five key components that make technology a reality;

  • Machine learning
  • Deep learning
  • Artificial neural networks (neural network)
  • natural language processing
  • Computer vision
  • Now let’s find out what these components are.

Machine learning: Machine learning automates the creation of analytical models by artificial intelligence. With machine learning, algorithms are analyzed, patterns are identified and predictions can be made.

Deep learning: Deep learning is a subset of machine learning. By using artificial neural networks, it allows machines to learn by processing data. Deep learning helps in solving complex problems of machines.

Artificial neural networks: Artificial neural networks are created to mimic the biological form of the human brain. Just like neurons, it is made up of interconnected networks. Thanks to artificial neural networks, artificial intelligence has the ability to learn things by itself.

Natural language processing: Natural language processing offers the ability to understand and describe human language. Thanks to natural language interaction, people can communicate with computers using their everyday language.

Computer vision: Computer vision allows detecting existing content such as videos, photos and so on. Computer vision is used to integrate human vision into artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence, which has so many functions, of course has advantages and disadvantages.

What are the advantages of Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

  • Being developed in the computer environment offers artificial intelligence an unlimited information archive. Therefore, the learning of artificial intelligence is at a much more advanced level. With advanced learning styles, artificial intelligence can see and correct mistakes, as well as making mistakes at a much lower rate.
  • The risk of human error is low, as artificial intelligence can make fewer errors and correct errors.
  • Artificial intelligence does not tire like a human. For this reason, it can easily perform all small and large tasks.
  • Artificial intelligence needs no rest. Therefore, thanks to artificial intelligence, you will have a 24/7 business.
  • With the use of artificial intelligence in much more dangerous jobs, it can be facilitated in areas that threaten people’s lives.
  • Artificial intelligence is put into practice by making decisions much faster.
  • With the recent use of artificial intelligence in the field of health, early diagnosis, drug discovery and analysis are carried out in diseases.

What are the disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

  • With artificial intelligence interacting with machines, many machines may be needed. For this reason, the machines to be purchased may also cause high costs.
  • Repair and maintenance of artificial intelligence machines also incur higher costs than other types of machines.
  • Artificial intelligence mimics human tasks. For this reason, artificial intelligence can be used in every field where human is needed. As a result, job losses occur and unemployment may increase.
  • A machine cannot be expected to be creative. For this reason, artificial intelligence is lacking in jobs that require creativity.
  • With the lack of emotion of machines, artificial intelligences are lacking in tasks such as group work and teamwork.
  • Since artificial intelligence is much more difficult to perceive like the human brain, it can make and implement wrong decisions.
  • Artificial intelligence is a machine that is coded in accordance with the orders and tasks of humans. For this reason, he is deprived of situations such as learning from his mistakes. If something he does wrong is not noticed in the long run, it can have bad consequences.

All these advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence are important for you to decide on its use. However, we do not know how accurate it would be to be deprived of artificial intelligence in an age where technology is so advanced. In the light of all these, where artificial intelligence can be used is another question.

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence

What are the application areas of Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

In order for the artificial intelligence to recognize the sound, the sounds are transformed into frequencies. Sounds or words at these frequencies are also converted into numbers and get a code in the software. In this way, artificial intelligence recognizes and interprets sound. Voice assistants that can work offline, such as Siri, Alexa, Google assistant, and the like, can accurately recognize your voice and respond to you like a human.

By converting the photos taken with the camera to digital and then to code, it is ensured that the artificial intelligence detects these codes. In this way, artificial intelligence can recognize, locate and classify objects in digital images.
The best example of image processing is autonomous (driverless) vehicles. Autonomous vehicles assisted by artificial intelligence can analyze data and images. In this way, movements are observed in the vehicle as if there is a human driver.

One of the areas where artificial intelligence works best is communication. Thanks to artificial intelligence, communication can be achieved between people who speak different languages.

  • Artificial intelligence can make rational inferences among the data defined to it. In this way, it is observed that the reasoning ability of artificial intelligence makes decisions in more rational approaches.
  • Artificial intelligence can make various suggestions to users by analyzing users’ past movements.
  • Many behaviors, such as suggested people and pages on most social media platforms, and recommended series and movies on TV series/movie sites, are all thanks to the recommender system of artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence can protect and maintain cyber security as a result of behavioral analysis. As a result of artificial intelligence detecting any mishap, measures can be taken more quickly.

In this article, we shared with you the definition, advantages and application areas of artificial intelligence. As technology develops, the place of artificial intelligence in our world will certainly change. In the light of all this, we hope it will be a helpful article for you.

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